Equipment needed during the care.

Den

 
 
To create a draft-free and safe den, a carton box, a baby's bed or an adapted baby cage are suitable. The den must not be on the ground and the kittens must not be able to climb out of the den. An incubator is perfect for kittens younger then one week.
     

Den material

 
 

The material in the den should be washable, the first weeks the den must be cleaned a couple of times every day. The best material to use is drybed. Urine pass trough and the top stays dry so the kittens stay dry and warm. Underneath it you can place a layer of old newspapers. Also suitable are underblankets. Plain woolen blankets or soft towels will do also , as long as the material is washable.

Weighing Balance

 
  A weighing balance which indicates the weight in grams, every gram counts with newborns.

Handblender

 
  A handblender, to grind canned food into smaller bits easily.

Nursing bottle

 
 
A pet nursing bottle (60 ml is the most handy) and nipples. The hole in the nipple may not be too large, newborn can choke easily with desastreus effects. If there is no bottle, one can use a seringe without the needle, for the time being. Put some small rubber tube (as used on bicycle valves) with a length of about 1,5 cm on the end, or one can use a small pipette. When a newborn is too weak or too sick to drink by itself, the last two items might come in handy. They can be used to drip the milk drop by drop into the mouth.

Heatsource

 
  A heatsource. This can be a warmwaterbottle (however, when it looses its heat it will withdraw heat from the newborns), or another heatsource, e.g.. a big lamp. When a warmwaterbottle is used, always wrap the bottle in a towel. Never put the newborns directly onto the hot warmwaterbottle. Make sure the den is large enough for them to crawl of and away from the bottle, if they want to. If a big lamp is used, then make sure the lamp is at a distance of at least one meter from the kittens. Using a lamp can be irritating to the eyes of the kittens.

Thermometers

 
  A thermometer which can be placed in the den and can be used to measure the temperature of the surroundings, and a fever thermometer.

Litter box

 
  Place a litter box with a small upstanding edge, and they will it use it rather quickly. The lid of a shoebox or a small plastic picknickplate will do. With a bit of luck the kittens will be toilet-trained in a couple of weeks.

Cat litter

 
  It might be wise to use woodgrains as cat litter the first weeks. Often the first thing a kitten eats is cat litter. Common cat litter is often made of clay and this can harm their stomachs. Be very careful with super absorbing cat litter, if they get it in their eyes or stomachs, it could be very harmful.

Worms treatment

 
  A worms treatment suitable for kittens. The easiest to administer is a paste, ask your veterinarian.

Flea treatment

 
  A flea comb and a flea treatment suitable for kittens.

Eye ointment

 
 

Some mild eye ointment or eyedrops. Very useful to have around when one kitten has scratched another one in an eye, and it is winking.

Nailcutter

 
  A small nailcutter to cut of the points of the small nails. Often the kittens will scratch during the feedings, this can cause nasty scratches in human hands.

Cotton gloves

 
  Cotton gloves to protect the hands of the feeder. When a kitten is very impatient during a feed, it can scratch the hands of the feeder very badly. Cotton gloves come in very handy, because they can be washed by high temperatures.

Desinfection

 
  A mild desinfective product, Betadine solution or an equivalent of this.
  To desinfect the surroundings and/or the hands quickly a bottle of alcohol 70% is very useful. Never use lysol, this is a poisonous substance for cats.